The owner is obliged to contact an expert of his choice himself. The costs for the energy passport shall be borne by the applicant(s).
Each owner of a residential building receives a Original copy of the Energy Performance Certificate for the respective residential building.
With a Change of ownership the original energy pass must be handed over to the new owner. In the case of a Change of tenant a certified copy of the energy passport must be handed over to the new tenant. Prospective buyers or tenants must have the opportunity to view the Energy Performance Certificate.
No, because the energy pass is always issued for the entire building, both for single-family houses and apartment buildings. The energy pass must be commissioned by the builder or developer, the current owner or the owners' association, and the latter must also bear the production costs. Furthermore, the original certificate must be handed over to the new owner in the event of a change of ownership. When changing tenants, a (certified) copy of the energy passport must be presented.
If an energy pass is required, all owners must contribute to the costs. Refusal can have civil and criminal consequences.